A Guide To Rug Material and Construction

  • How to Decorate Team

Jute RugOn your shopping adventure you’ll discover rugs crafted from a variety of materials and constructed in a variety of ways, all resulting in different looks. Here’s a quick guide to rug materials and construction techniques.

Materials

Wool – By far the most common material used for rugs, wool is incredibly durable while remaining very soft to the touch. Wool’s energy-efficient properties make it a great year-round rug, too.

Natural Fibers – Jute, seagrass and sisal rugs are made from strong, coarse leaf fibers that add natural color and texture to your floor. They’re a super durable, eco-friendly choice for just about any style interior.

Cotton – Cotton rugs offer softness and a low-key look perfect for more relaxed settings, including children’s rooms. They’re also inexpensive, so you can easily replace them as you change your décor.

Synthetics – Crafted from materials like nylon, polypropylene and acrylic, synthetic rugs are available in just about every style, from Oriental to shag, at a fraction of the price. These machine-made rugs are stain- and weather-resistant.

Rug in homeConstruction

Hooked – Hooked rugs are produced by pushing yarn or fabric through a pre-woven or mesh foundation from back to front and front to back, creating a thick looped pile.

Tufted – Tufted rugs are produced the same way as a hooked rug, except the loops on top are snipped to create a cut pile that’s exceptionally soft.

Flat-woven – Having no pile, these rugs are quite literally flat. They’re lightweight, reversible and require a pad to prevent slippage underfoot.

Hand-knotted – Each piece of yarn is individually tied by hand. This meticulous process can take months to create a truly one-of-kind rug that will last a lifetime. Quality is measured in knots per square inch.

Needlepoint – The dense cross-stitch of pure wool resembles tapestry and results in a beautifully intricate, lightweight rug. Styles range from neoclassical to French country to English Jacobean.

Related story: How To Choose The Right Rug Size

 
How to Decorate Team

How to Decorate Team

We enjoy spending days interacting with How to Decorate readers. From answering Design Dilemmas to writing How To articles and working with guest designers, our passion is to provide informative and accurate resources to help people solve their design problems.

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